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不列顛名槍:L85A1突擊步槍(・ω・)/

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不列顛名槍:L85A1突擊步槍(・ω・)/


L85A1突擊步槍

製造商:Royal Ordnance plc

口徑:5.56mm × 45倍徑
膛線:6條右轉
全長:785cm
重:4.98kg
彈夾裝彈:30發
有效射程:500m
作動方式:氣動式
射速:610~775發/分
初速:940m/秒

外型特殊,1985年開始服役的英國製L85在設計當時就以耐用、耐久容易使用為目標。

最初有退殼時容易卡住和槍機容易故障的問題。

後來針對原來經常出來退殼不成功的現象,重新設計了槍機,並換了一個新的退殼簧,又擴大退殼口。

而槍管節套和槍機的閉鎖突筍也都重新設計過。

圖片來源:フリー百科事典

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優異性能


L85A1分解

連射時容易控制,槍口不易上揚。

彈著散佈密度佳!!!

在英國舉行的實用步槍比賽中,使用L85A1步槍的射手壓倒所有參賽勁敵,取得優異成績。

其中對100m目標臥姿射擊,5發彈的散佈圓直徑110mm,其中有一發是射手沒打好;300m和600m臥姿射擊,散佈圓分別為150mm和400mm。

對400m、500m和600m處隱現靶臥姿射擊,標靶各暴露5次,一次5秒鐘,每次打一槍,結果除600m處有4發脫靶外,其餘全部命中。

對100m、200m和300m處的隱藏靶立姿射擊,打法一樣,所有的標靶都被反復命中。

可調整夜視功能的狙擊鏡除了提高命中率外,夜間作戰時更是如虎添翼。


外銷成績則不佳,英國軍方以外只有牙買加、尼泊爾的軍方採用。

圖片來源:フリー百科事典

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引用:
原文章由 anpan4267 於 2009-6-19 10:05 AM 發表


http://www.youtube.com/watch?gl= ... DZ8&feature=related
感覺這把已經落伍了.....殺傷力應該沒有國造的K2那麼有威力吧?

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引用:
原文章由 恆愛台 於 2009-6-20 12:07 AM 發表


感覺這把已經落伍了.....殺傷力應該沒有國造的K2那麼有威力吧?
這把的命中精度、和可靠性遠超過65K2、殺傷力來說使用子彈相同,但是初速較快所以也超過65K2。

不信可以去問江然。

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麵包超人說的對...

15年前,我念國二有本軍事雜誌有介紹過這把,但我沒有掃瞄器,不然掃瞄我那本10幾年前的軍事雜誌的介紹來分享
英國新一代的5.56mm的L85出廠後
新款的L85A1更是多功,還有這種設計是很符合人體工學,還有就連刺刀跟刀鞘也可以當成剪鐵絲網的工具

這款L85系列的步槍又叫SA80

說到符合人體工學就是把槍管護木縮短,這個軍事雜誌的介紹還有拿M-16跟以色列的步槍來做評筆

好像法國的步槍也是那樣設計....
我看過探瑣頻道也有介紹以色列新款步槍也是採用這種設計,還有一體成型加個高倍狙擊鏡就變成可以打超過400m的狙擊槍...

還有這種給彈方式在槍拖上的設計,故障排除與妥善率也遠比傳統M-16式的那種步槍還要穩定....
這是真的...
野原ひろし

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http://world.guns.ru/assault/as22-e.htm

Enfield SA-80: L85A1 and L85A2 assault rifle, L22 carbine (Great Britain)
Enfield SA80-IW (Individual Weapon), chambered for experimental 4,85x49 ammunition
image courtesy of LEI Ltd (UK)

L85A1 rifle, with carrying handle and front sight installed instead of more common SUSAT telescope sight

Upgraded L85A2 with SUSAT sight

British soldier sights the L85A2 rifle fitted with German-made 40mm grenade launcher

L22A1 carbine
image courtesy of LEI Ltd (UK)

L22A2 carbine, as issued to Royal Armoured Corps tank crews in Iraq; note that it has a Picatinny rail above the front grip
image courtesy of Tony Williams (UK)
Caliber: 5.56x45 NATO
Action: Gas operated, rotating bolt
Overall length: 780 mm (709 mm in Carbine variant)
Barrel length: 518 mm (442 mm in Carbine variant)
Weight: 4.13 kg (with SUSAT optical sight and no magazine); 5 kg with SUSAT and loaded with magazine with 30 rounds of ammunition
Magazine capacity: 30 rounds
Rate of fire: 650 rounds per minute
Effective range: about 500 meters (with SUSAT sights)

The development of the SA80 (Small Arms for 1980s) system, which included two weapons - SA80 IW (Infantry Weapon) assault rifle and SA80 LSW (Light Support Weapon) light machine gun, began in the late 1960s when British army decided to develop a new rifle, which will eventually replace the venerable 7.62mm L1 SLR (British-made FN FAL rifle) in the 1980s. When NATO trials were announced in 1977 to select a new cartridge, British state-owned Enfield Small Arms Factory developed its own small-caliber, high velocity round, which was more or less representing the US .223/5.56mm case necked down to accept 4.85mm (0.19 inch) bullet. When cartridge came out, Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield developed a new weapon around it, initially designated as SA80-IW or XL65. This weapon, being somewhat similar in outline to the much earlier British Enfield EM-2 assault rifle, was internally quite different, and, basically, was more or less the US-made Armalite AR-18 rifle, put into bullpup stock and rechambered for 4.85mm cartridge. After NATO trials, which resulted in adoption of the Belgian SS-109 version of the 5.56mm cartridge, Enfield engineers rechambered XL65 for this cartridge and continued its development under the designation of XL70. Due to Falkland war new system was actually adopted only in 1984. Original SA80 weapons (both L85 and L86) were plagued with many problems, some being very serious. In general, L85 was quite unreliable and troublesome to handle and maintain, so, finally, in the year 1997, after years of constant complaints from the troops, it had been decided to upgrade most L85 rifles then in service. The upgrade program, committed in years 2000 - 2002, was completed by the famous Heckler&Koch, which was then owned by British Royal Ordnance company (German investors bought the HK back in the 2002). About 200 000 rifles were upgraded into the L85A2 configuration, out of total 320 000 or so original L85A1 rifles produced. While official reports about the upgraded weapons were glowing, the initial field reports from the British troops, engaged in the Afghanistan campaign of 2002, were unsatisfactory. Most problems, however, were traced to improper care and maintenance of weapons, and for now the L82A2 performs fairy well both in Afghanistan and Iraq. Other than the basic L85A1 variant, the SA80 IW also appeared in the shortened Carbine version, and in the manually operated L98A1 rifle, which got its gas system removed and a larger cocking handle attached. The L98A1 is used to train the army cadets for basic rifle handling and shooting skills, and the rifle is fired as a manually operated, straight pull magazine repeater rifle. The latest weapon in the SA80 family is the recently adopted L22 carbine, which is issued to tank crews of Royal Armoured Corps. This weapon is available in two versions, L82A1 and L82A2, the latter being fitted with additional Picatinny rail on the right side of front grip base. The current L85A2 rifles are recognized as reliable and very accurate, especially when using standard issue SUSAT telescope sights. The drawbacks of the L85A2 are somewhat poor balance (which can be improved with installation of HK-made 40mm underbarrel grenade launcher), right-side only extraction and rearward placement of the fire mode selector. Technical description.
The L85 is a gas operated, magazine fed, selective fire rifle of bullpup layout.
The receiver of the L85 is made from stamped sheet steel, reinforced with welded and riveted machined steel inserts. The gas operated action has a short stroke gas piston, located above the barrel. The gas piston has its own return spring. Gas system has a three-positions gas regulator, one position for a normal firing, second for a firing in adverse conditions and the third for launching the rifle grenades (gas port is shut off). The machined bolt carrier rides inside the receiver on the two parallel steel guide rods, with the single return spring placed above and between the guide rods. The typical rotating bolt has 7 lugs that locks into the steel insert in the receiver, just behind the barrel breech. The charging handle is attached to the right side of the bolt carrier, and prior to A2 upgrade caused some problems by reflecting the ejected cases back into the action, thus causing stoppages. In the L85A2 configuration the charging handle was redesigned to avoid such problems. The charging handle slot is covered by the spring-loaded dust cover. The bolt and its extractor claw also were upgraded in the L85A2, to achieve more reliable extraction of the spent cases.
The trigger / hammer assembly of the L85A1 is also typical for a modern bullpup rifle, with the long link from the trigger to the hammer unit, located in the buttstock. The hammer assembly of the L85A2 was redesigned to introduce a slight delay before the hammer release when the gun is fired in the full auto. This did not affected the cyclic rate of fire but improved the reliability and stability of the weapon during the automatic fire. The fire mode selector is located at the left side of the receiver, well behind the magazine housing, and allows for single shots of full automatic modes of fire. The cross-bolt safety button is located above the trigger.
The barrel is rifled for a NATO-standard 5.56mm ammunition, with 1:7 twist, and is fitted with a NATO-standard flash hider, which allows to launch the rifle grenades from the barrel.
The L85 is fed using NATO-standard (STANAG) magazines, similar to M16 type magazines, with the standard capacity of 30 rounds. Early L85A1 steel magazines caused a lot of troubles, as well as a magazine housing itself, which had a thin walls that could be easily dented, thus blocking the magazine way. Both magazines and its housings were upgraded in the L85A2 configuration.
The standard sighting equipment is the 4X SUSAT (Sight Unit, Small Arms, Trilux) telescope, with illuminated reticle. The SUSAT is mounted on a quick-detachable mount at the top of the receiver, and features an emergency backup open sights at tits top. The SUSAT allows for an accurate fire (mostly in single shots) out to 400-500 meters. For a second-line troops an alternative sighting system is available, that consists of the removable front post sight with high base and post protection "ears", and a detachable carrying handle with built-in diopter rear sight.
The L85 can be fitted with the proprietary knife-type multipurpose bayonet. L85A2 rifles also can be fitted with 40mm under-barrel grenade launcher, using special handguard. Launcher is made in Germany by Heckler-Koch. -- premier-guard.ruчоп. пластиковые окна петербург
野原ひろし

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野原ひろし

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在探索頻道的新時代武器介紹過的這把...以色列的...是不是跟L85一樣的樣子



以色列新型攻擊步槍TAVOR,已逐漸取代使用中的 M-16 步槍。圖為以色列武器工業推廣部副總裁Mark Shachar 展示TAVOR攻擊步槍。// 中央社
以色列新型攻擊步槍TAVOR可適用巷戰型態


【大紀元11月19日報導】(中央社記者楊一峰特拉維夫特稿)喜歡創新並製造自己武器的以色列,從一九九五年開始針對戰爭型態,計畫設計新型的攻擊步槍,到一九九七年設計出新型攻擊步槍TAVOR的原型,從一九九八年到二零零一年開始試用,以色列軍隊從二零零三年開始首次下單購買這種新型攻擊步槍。 在二十世紀中最普遍為軍隊使用的制式步槍分別是美國製造的M-16步槍,和前蘇聯製造的AK-47型步槍。M-16步槍廣泛地在美軍對越南戰爭時使用,到現在美軍對伊拉克和阿富汗地區的戰爭中仍在使用。 而AK-47步槍有耐操、適合各種環境下使用的特點,中國、非洲與南美洲國家廣泛使用。 以色列是一個接受美國軍事最大援助的國家,以往他們的步兵大多是使用M-16步槍為標準配備,另外,以色列也在一九六零年代末期設計出知名的烏茲(UZI)衝鋒槍。 由於一九九零年代以後,以色列軍隊所面臨的主要問題是打擊恐怖份子,和恐怖份子作戰,而較長且保養較不易的M-16步槍就讓以色列軍方想淘汰換裝。 在和恐怖份子作戰的過程中,最常遭遇的地方是巷戰,在窄小的巷子中和矮小的樓層中作戰,如何讓作戰的士兵可以有威力強大,又不妨礙行動與瞄準的新型步槍是以色列設計新型步槍的原始理念。 以色列軍事工業研發中心從一九九五年就想到在二十一世紀時,一般士兵在戰鬥時需要什麼樣子的步槍,經過專家的集思廣義,在一九九七年依合乎人體工學的理念,用玻璃纖維製造出了新型攻擊步槍TAVOR的原型。 然後依照原型,設計出耐用、好保養、且有光學瞄準儀器的TAVOR攻擊步槍,在測試期間,以色列軍事工業公司經過多次的修改,並在由以色列軍隊特種部隊的試用中逐漸完善TAVOR攻擊步槍。 為了確保TAVOR攻擊步槍可以在各種環境下使用,以色列測試的特種部隊分別將TAVOR攻擊步槍在正常環境、沙漠、高山寒冷地區使用。 在測試合格後,以色列軍方從二零零三年首次向製造單位下單購買TAVOR給前線軍人使用。 據目前生產TAVOR攻擊步槍的以色列武器工業公司表示,已經有一半以上的以色列軍隊換用了TAVOR攻擊步槍。 標準型的TAVOR攻擊步槍的長度只有六十四公分,戰鬥狀態的重量是三點九七公斤,槍管長三十八公分,使用五點五六mm子彈,有效射程在三百至五百公尺之間;而加長型的TAVOR狙擊槍長度為七十二公分,戰鬥狀態的重量是四點零五公斤,槍管長四十六公分,射程可達八百公尺。 所有的TAVOR攻擊步槍都在出廠時就有光學瞄準器,據以色列武器工業公司表示,這個光學瞄準器最少有十五年的壽命。 以色列武器工業公司推廣部副總裁夏查表示,由於以色列政府將各個國營事業民營化的結果,以色列武器工業公司於三年多前從原先的以色列軍事工業公司分出由S.K控股公司購買下來,在以色列武器工業公司中主要生產的是輕型、小型武器。他們目前正在想購買製造子彈的工廠,這樣他們所生產出來的武器就可以一次滿足客戶的需求。 TAVOR攻擊步槍可以點放,可以半自動射擊,也可以全自動射擊。據試槍的以色列人員表示,以色列軍方在教導射擊時要求看到目標後再射擊,不需要浪費子彈,以免在真正需要子彈時,子彈已經射完。 據記者實際射擊後發現,TAVOR攻擊步槍的後作力不大,它的重心也相對穩定,測試員還可用單手射擊,它的光學瞄準器也很好用,比傳統的瞄準方式要方便許多。 夏查強調,儘管TAVOR攻擊步槍的價格要比現有一般的步槍要貴上許多,但就長期使用後,因為TAVOR攻擊步槍容易保養,不易損壞,且可單獨撤換槍管,他認為使用TAVOR攻擊步槍還是划得來。 夏查並沒有實際指出TAVOR的價格是多少,但據市面上民用的TAVOR攻擊步槍價格約為一千美元,而M-16步槍的價格約為三百美元。 夏查說,目前全世界已經約有四十個國家購買了TAVOR攻擊步槍,基於保密原則,他並未透露有那些國家買了這種新型的攻擊步槍。但他表示,在S.K控股公司購買以色列武器工業公司後,生意就很好,從原先的一百位員工,已經增加到目前的三百位員工了,且員工仍有增加的趨勢。 根據以色列的法律,要賣武器必需得到國防部的許可,儘管如此,以色列武器工業公司的生意還是愈來愈好。


以色列新型攻擊步槍TAVOR,已逐漸取代使用中的M-16 步槍,並可以安裝刺刀。// 中央社



TAVOR 攻擊步槍設計時,考慮到有人習慣用左手,有人習慣用右手,從這兩枝攻擊步槍的前端槍機拉手,可以分為右手攻擊步槍(右)與左手攻擊步槍。// 中央社



以色列在打擊恐怖份子的巷戰中,設計發展出新型的攻擊步槍TAVOR。圖為設計TAVOR攻擊步槍的原型。//中央社



11/19/2007 821 AM
本文網址: http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/7/11/19/n1906153.htm
野原ひろし

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引用:
原文章由 野原廣志 於 2009-6-24 02:09 PM 發表
在探索頻道的新時代武器介紹過的這把...以色列的...是不是跟L85一樣的樣子
以色列新型攻擊步槍TAVOR,已逐漸取代使用中的 M-16 步槍。
...
是啊!!!

不過TAVOR步槍去年9月10日就開欄過了!!

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